What are the parts of an essay?

The parts of an essay are:

  • The introduction
  • The development
  • The conclusion
  • Bibliography (if necessary)

Below you will find the explanation of each of the parties and their characteristics. You will also find the explanation of the different types of essay and its parts. Within the types you will see: scientific essays, argumentative essays, critical essays and academic essays.

What are the parts of the test for?
The essays with those parts are always developed in the same order in order to give a thread to the written work. The reader or target audience should feel that ideas are intertwined as they read the research article for greater understanding.

This being so, the parts of the essay are irreplaceable and order can not be altered. However, before you start, it is important that you are very clear about what an essay is, and then without incursions into the parts for its development.

Characteristics of the parts of an essay
Now we will see how to do an essay developing the general parts and each of the functions in greater depth.

Remember that in this article we also describe the parts of 4 more specific types of trials depending on your need.

  1. The Introduction
    In general, the introduction of an essay should be short and as a preamble to the topic you want to discuss. In addition to being the subject to be developed, it must be supremely attractive to engage the reader and be interested in continuing reading the writing.

Likewise, it is where you will present the hypothesis as an idea that you want to develop, verify or disprove. It is almost always formulated as a question and will be answered throughout the parts of the essay.

If you are doing a scientific essay, you should include in the introduction a hypothesis and an explanatory context of it in a brief and concise way.

When you make an argumentative essay, in the introduction you must present the thesis of the writing that, in other words, would be the same hypothesis. However, the support does not have to be exclusively scientific but may be subjective opinions.

Now, if the idea is to make an essay of literary analysis, in the introduction you should contextualize the reader about the work you are going to analyze to start from that base in the rest of the writing. Also, propose a proposal for analysis.

  1. Exhibition or development
    Of the parts of an essay, it is the most important because it is not only the largest extension in terms of content is concerned, but also, is where all the reasons or explanations to answer the questions of the introduction will be exposed.

Within the development you will have to capture all the data, concepts and / or references that you find from a determined research. That is to say, it is the support of the whole essay.

Now we will explain how the development of this part of the essay is done according to its classification. As was done with the introduction.

When you perform a scientific essay, it is mandatory that you propose all the evidence or evidence that you have found in the previous investigation and, in some way, help you solve the hypothesis you raised in the introduction.

You can include exact data and studies with own or other people’s experiments, comparisons with other theories on the subject, bibliography of experienced authors or opinion leaders, results of other tests, among others.

In short, you must use the largest amount of data, for or against, to answer the question you asked in the introduction. The greater the number of data, the more abundant the test will be.

With argumentative essays, you must defend the thesis you proposed in the introduction, in a more subjective way. That is, you have to base yourself on your own opinions or on other qualified people to issue a value judgment that defends your exposure.

The essays of literary analysis have a different development because, for the most part, it is based on the work you chose to analyze. In the body of this part of the essay you must quote textually fragments of the work to decipher that proposal that you raised in the introduction.

It is considered that, since it is a work that the reader of the essay is supposed to know, these quotations should be brief and introductory to a later explanation or argumentation. This type of development requires a more academic and formal language.

  1. Conclusion
    The strawberry of dessert! In short, it is the part of the essay that will determine all the research that you carried out and developed. It is the final verdict of the written work and, in general, it must be very concise and brief. IT MUST BE CONTINUOUS.

If you did a scientific essay, the conclusion should be directed to the affirmation or refutation of the hypothesis. Of course, always based on the data that you exposed in the development and, in some cases, it is valid to expose the most important data to give strength to the conclusion.

Now, if the writing is an argumentative essay, you must present in a concrete way, the main ideas that you want the reader to retain. The main idea is to bring the reader to a subjective truth to reaffirm their criteria or, in some way, change their way of thinking thanks to your writing.

When you make a conclusion for a literary analysis, you must expose the main ideas that respond to the topic you wanted to analyze the work. If one of the citations is strong, you can use it again in the conclusion to reinforce.

  1. Bibliography
    In this part of the essay you will have to include all the data of the books, internet pages, essays of other authors, etc., from where you got all the information to support your writing. It is the compendium of all the sources to which you resorted.

The parties an essay in percentages:

  • Introduction: 15%
  • Development: 70%
  • Conclusion: 15%
  • Bibliography (at the end if necessary)
  • Other types of tests: parts and structures
  • Parts of a scientific essay
  • Parts of an argumentative essay
  • Parts of a critical essay
  • Parts of an academic essay
  • The essay is a literary genre in which, the person who develops it, tries to evidence a point of view or find an explanation to a particular topic. It does not try to encompass a whole but to address itself to a defined point that can be scientific, argumentative, critical or academic.

Always look at the point of view of the author in particular. It can be based on other writings or investigations but the conclusions must be individual and authentic. Of course, they can also be essays to refute some thesis or idea of ​​someone who has treated the same topic as politics, history, science, culture, medicine, philosophy, biology, technology, etc.

Parts of a scientific essay

It must be clear to whom the scientific essay is directed since you can write it in two different ways:

Using a technical language for readers immersed in the scientific field
More general if treated for a more usual audience.
The essay, in either of the two cases, should make clear the position of the author based on other studies on the subject to be treated. In itself, it is the search for a specific truth with structured bases.


Basic elements of any essay such as:

  • Title
  • The institution where it is published
  • The author
  • The publication date
  • Index
    The topics that the essay contains schematically.
  • Summary
    A paragraph that tells the specific topics to be addressed and the key words of the essay (the most important ones and those that will be used the most).
  • Introduction
    A preamble is made to the topic to be discussed and a thesis is presented. They are the objectives of the trial.
  • Thematic development
    The topics to be discussed and the arguments to defend the thesis are expanded. They propose their own ideas supported with information from other sources (books, interviews, results of the own investigation, etc) of authority on the subject.
  • Conclusions
    A summary of the above is made and a proposal is offered. Provide suggestions and propose an analysis of the results to try to find the truth.
  • Documentary research sources
    Fundamental to expose the investigations that were made, the books from where he obtained information, research instruments, methods and means by which they were made. There may be photographic records.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *